How heart -wrenching it is to still see people dying of common illness such as the Malaria disease. Malaria disease even though it’s very common can be life-threatening. After the initial mosquito bite, it takes 7 to 30days for the symptoms of malaria fever to surface. This waiting time is called the incubation period. Malaria has several symptoms and varies, depending on the type of malaria a person is affected by. There are two types of malaria. Let’s talk about these two types of malaria and their symptoms. They are called the uncomplicated and complicated Malaria.

Uncomplicated Malaria disease symptoms are similar to the common flu, marked with chills, headaches, on & off runny nose, general feelings of weakness and illness. The symptoms keep disappearing on & off, now when uncomplicated malaria disease doesn’t get diagnosed or treated quickly, can change into severe malaria. So now let me explain what complicated or severe malaria disease.

Severe or complicated malaria disease is the delayed detection or poor treatment of uncomplicated Malaria disease caused by the parasite falciparum. The symptoms may include seizure, anaemia, vital organ dysfunction like kidney dysfunction. Now this type of malaria disease is the major reason behind the high mortality rate worldwide.

Malaria can be prevented from becoming severe and life-threatening, if malaria symptoms are diagnosed and treatment is started on time. Anyone showing signs of malaria should get the tests done and start with treatment immediately.

Every year World Malaria Day is celebrated annually on the 25th of April, each year has a theme. Now, the theme for World Malaria day 2022 is “Harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives”.

The World health Organisation (WHO) and other global investors are interested in speeding progress especially in finding ways of slowing down the malaria disease. Interested stakeholders are now looking for quick diagnosis or anti-malaria medicines, one would think mainly because the world market has a lot of fake anti-malaria medicines in the market. Even with advancement and the latest anti-malaria medicines in the market, the malaria disease or fever keeps coming back every 2- 3 weeks even after taking the medicine.

Malaria disease is one of the common public health problems in African countries. People living in malaria endemic remote rural areas commonly use different traditional medicinal plants for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria disease, rather then getting anti-malaria medicine.  

It may interest you to note that most times, once the malaria disease has been cured, there is no documented information of this and this is contributing to the  loss of traditional medicine knowledge.

This year’s World Malaria day theme  reads “Harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives”  I believe it’s timely that we harness our traditional medicinal plants as a preventative medicine rather than treatment. As it slows down the  pace of  the uncomplicated malaria disease before it becomes severe or complicated malaria which probably is the main contributing factor to high  mortality rates recorded over the years.

Wondering how to clean Malaria disease from the blood using traditional African herbs? Then read on:

In Nigeria , there are sixteen traditional medicine plants used to clean the blood or remove the malaria disease. For instance, the Male Pawpaw plant is nature’s pharmacy in its own right. See the picture .

The male paw paw tree doesn’t bear any fruit instead it has flowers. While the female pawpaw has fruits.

The plant  can be used to treat many health problems. Examples vary from open sores to ulcers. Chewing the black seeds can be used to expel worms.

Now the leaves are used in traditional medicine for treating malaria disease. Another anti-malaria medicine plant used in the rural areas is lemongrass. In the Yoruba language it called Ewe tea, when combined with orange peel and neem leaves is very effective. Harnessing our tradition African medicine which were in existence before the development of recent malaria drugs helped reduced the speed the incubation period of malaria parasite in the blood.

I must be deliberate to state that the modern drug is quick at attacking the malaria parasite while in the liver. Nowadays the malaria parasite is becoming resistance to the effect of  drugs and there lies our greatest challenge, modern doctors are prescribing high dosage combination anti- malaria medicine which comes with side effects like liver toxicity.

Arguably with traditional African medicine this isn’t necessarily the case.  Many African nations use different plant medicines. If one treatment doesn’t work, they use another plant medicine which doesn’t have any SIDE EFFECTS. 

“To harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives”, we must not over look our traditional African anti-malaria medicinal plants that have been in use for centuries before modern medicine.

If you have any questions, please shoot an email or comment in the comment section.




Written by: Rashidat Raji

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